The Coral Triangle is home to the highest diversity of marine life on earth. The region covers 5.7 million km2 and stretches across six countries (CT6):
Papua New Guinea
the Solomon islands
This extraordinary marine biological resource directly sustains the lives of over 120 million people and benefits millions more world-wide. Unfortunately, the marine-based natural resources of the Coral Triangle and the economic and social benefits they generate are at risk, threatened by a range of factors that combined are causing a situation of crisis that only a transformational approach to marine resource management can resolve.
In August 2007, President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia wrote to other country leaders proposing a new Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI) on Coral Reefs, Fisheries and Food Security. Responding positively, the six governments (listed above) met in a first formal CTI Senior Officials Meeting in Bali on 6-7 December 2007 agreeing on, amongst other things, a framework for a CTI Plan of Action to be developed during 2008 and adopted at the highest political levels.
This official Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs, Fisheries, and Food Security regional map displays the extended economic zones in the Coral Triangle agreeable to the CT6 countries.
The ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (CoralCoE) undertakes world-best research in all six countries of the Coral Triangle. Our research explores the following broad topics in many coral reef countries of the world, including those in the Coral Triangle:
People and Ecosystems
Ecosystem Dynamics: Past, Present, Future
Responding to a Changing World
Download a list of selected CoralCoE studies conducted in the Coral Triangle (2006)
Coral Triangle Initiative 2008 Workshop
At the first formal CTI senior officials meeting in Bali on 6-7 December 2007, the Australian Government was asked to provide technical and expert assistance and information exchange to the CTI. Australia agreed to do so. As the first practical example of this support, the Australian Government held a workshop in 2008 which included a focus on management and conservation of coral reefs using marine protected areas and zoning regimes. The Australian Government asked the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies and the Australian Institute of Marine Science to host part of the workshop and to assist in harnessing the expertise that Australia has to offer.
Workshop material and outputs:
Draft background papers, compiled by the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies and the Australian Institute of Marine Science, were designed to stimulate and assist discussion between Coral Triangle countries and partners. These papers were revised in November 2008 based upon additional input from Coral Triangle country experts. Further participation through co-authorship, input and comment continues to be welcome.
Financial assistance from WWF and The Queensland Department of Tourism, Regional Development and Industry is gratefully acknowledged.
At various fora over 2008, marine resource managers and other experts from Coral Triangle countries discussed key challenges and problems facing their countries in achieving the goals of the Coral Triangle Initiative. Long-term and tailored capacity building was identified as a major need to be addressed. In 2009, regional staff working for non-government organisations in the Coral Triangle gathered at James Cook University campus in Townsville for an informal meeting around the potential role of a central education, training and knowledge building hub within Australia to support capacity building within the Coral Triangle.
Meeting material and outputs: