People and ecosystems

Understanding of the links between coral reef ecosystems, the goods and services they provide to people, and the wellbeing of human societies.


Ecosystem dynamics: past, present and future

Examining the multi-scale dynamics of reefs, from population dynamics to macroevolution


Responding to a changing world

Advancing the fundamental understanding of the key processes underpinning reef resilience.

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Coral Reef Studies

From 2005 to 2022, the main node of the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies was headquartered at James Cook University in Townsville, Queensland (Australia)

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Andrew Song

Andrew Song

Adjunct Research Fellow

PhD (2014), MSc. (2009), BASc. (2005)

James Cook University / WorldFish

Contact details

Phone: +61 (4) 8175 6141
Email: andrew.song@jcu.edu.au, andrewmsong@gmail.com

Google scholar, ResearchGate

Research interests

My interests are in the area of governance and geography of coastal and inland fisheries, with particular reference to a small-scale sector. I study these topics from multiple angles that contribute to theoretical, methodological and policy development.

My work is focusing on transboundary and multiscalar governance of fisheries where cooperation and institutions are key enabling elements. Previously, I examined the extent and the effect of (multidimensional) trust and informal communication in enhancing inter-agency collaboration in the Great Lakes fisheries of North America. Currently, I have extended this knowledge into the realm of fisheries and coral reef management in Asia-Pacific. My theoretical starting point is the interactive governance perspective, while methodologically I am interested in the design of survey instruments for measuring stakeholders’ underlying notions such as value, principle and trust using the techniques of pile sort and psychometric scale. After completing a PhD at Memorial University of Newfoundland in 2014 and spending a year at McGill University as a postdoc, I joined the CoE in 2016. Also affiliated with WorldFish (Pacific), I have worked under a theme entitled “regional governance of fisheries”. With experiences in Malawi, the Philippines, South Korea and Canada, I am drawn to research activities that critically engage with the complex and diverse interactions between the coastal environment and human society.



Sarah Lawless (2017-present, co-advising with T. Morrison, P. Cohen and A. Stephens) Multi-scalar global norm diffusion pathways in natural resource governance


Juliet Vallejo (2019-present, co-advising with O. Temby, D. Kim) Title TBD

Anthony Lima (2017-2018, co-advising with O. Temby, R. Kline and D. Kim) Measuring connective capacity throughout the Gulf of Mexico fishery management network

Joseph Luomba (2016, co-advising with R. Chuenpagdee and D. Bavington) Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing as a governability problem: A case study of Lake Victoria, Tanzania

BSc Honours

Sarah Sutcliffe (2017, co-advising with P. Cohen and A. Diedrich) Media representations of fish for Pacific Island food security

Select publications

Song, A.M., Hoang, V.T., Cohen, P.J., Aqorau, T., Morrison, T.H. (accepted) ‘Blue boats’ and ‘reef robbers’: A new maritime security threat for the Asia-Pacific? Asia Pacific Viewpoint

Steenbergen, D.J., Fabinyi, M., Barclay, K., Song, A.M., Cohen, P.J., Eriksson, H., Mills, D.J. (in press). Governance interactions in small‐scale fisheries market chains: Examples from the Asia‐Pacific. Fish and Fisheries.

Morrison, T.H., Adger, W.N., Brown, K., Lemos, M.C., Huitema, D., Phelps, J., Evans, L., Cohen, P., Song, A.M., Turner, R., Quinn, T. Hughes, T.P. (2019). The black box of power in polycentric environmental governance. Global Environmental Change 57, 101934.

Song, A.M., Soliman, A. (2019). Situating human rights in the context of fishing rights – Contributions and Contradictions. Marine Policy 103, 19-26.

Song, A.M., Temby, O., Kim, D., Saavedra Cisneros, A., Hickey, G.M. (2019). Measuring, mapping and quantifying the effects of trust and informal communication on transboundary collaboration in the Great Lakes fisheries policy network. Global Environmental Change 54, 6-18.

Song, A.M., Cohen, P.J., Hanich, Q., Morrison, T.H., Andrew, N. (2019). Multi-scale policy diffusion and translation in Pacific Island coastal fisheriesOcean & Coastal Management 168, 139-149.

Song, A.M., Bower, S.D., Onyango, P., Cooke, S.J., Akintola, S.L., Baer, J., Gurung, T.B., Hettiarachchi, M., Islam, M., Mhlanga, W., Nunan, F., Salmi, P., Singh, V., Tezzo, X., Funge-Smith, S.J., Nayak, P.K., Chuenpagdee, R. (2018). Intersectorality in the governance of inland fisheries. Ecology and Society 23(2):17.

Song, A.M., Johnsen, J.P., Morrison, T.H. (2018). Reconstructing governability: How fisheries are made governable. Fish and Fisheries 19, 377-389.

Song, A.M., Saavedra Cisneros, A., Temby, O., Sandall, J., Cooksey, R.W., Hickey, G.M. (in press). On developing an inter-agency trust scale for assessing governance networks in the public sector. International Public Management Journal.

Rahman, H.M.T., Saint Ville, A.S., Song, A.M., Po, J.Y., Berthet, E., Brammer, J., Brunet, N.D., Jayaprakash, L., Lowitt, K., Rastogi, A., Reed, G., Hickey, G.M. (2017). A framework for analyzing institutional gaps in natural resource governance. International Journal of the Commons 11(2), 823-853.

Song, A.M., Temby, O., Krantzberg, G., Hickey, G.M. (2017). Institutional features of U.S.-Canadian transboundary fisheries governance: Organizations and networks, formal and informal. In: Temby, O., Stoett, P. (eds.), Towards Continental Environmental Policy? North American Transnational Networks and Governance. Albany, NY: SUNY Press, pp. 156-179.

Song, A.M., Scholtens, J., Stephen, J., Bavinck, M., Chuenpagdee, R. (2017). Transboundary research in fisheriesMarine Policy 76, 8-18.

Song, A.M., Cohen, P.J., Morrison, T.H. (2017). Policies in harmony? Does the New Song agree with the Small-Scale Fisheries Guidelines? SPC Traditional Marine Resource Management and Knowledge Information Bulletin 38, 26-36.

Cohen, P.J., Song, A.M., Morrison, T.H. (2017). Policy coherence with the Small-Scale Fisheries Guidelines: Analysing across scales of governance in Pacific small-scale fisheries. In: Jentoft, S., Chuenpagdee, R., Barrangan-Paladines, M.-J., Franz, N. (eds.), The Small-Scale Fisheries Guidelines: Global Implementation. Dordrecht: Springer, pp. 57-77.

Lynch, A.J., Cooke, S.J., Beard, Jr., T.D., Kao, Y.-C., Lorenzen, K., Song, A.M., Allen, M.S., Basher, Z., Bunnell, D.B., Camp, E.V., Cowx, I.G., Freedman, J.A., Nguyen, V.M., Nohner, J.K., Rogers, M.W., Siders, Z.A., Taylor, W.W., Youn, S. (2017). Grand challenges in the management and conservation of North American inland fish and fisheries. Fisheries 42, 115-124.

Luomba, J., Chuenpagdee, R., Song, A.M. (2016). A bottom-up understanding of illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing in Lake Victoria. Sustainability 8(10), 1062; doi: 10.3390/su8101062.

Song, A.M., Hickey, G.M., Temby, O., Krantzberg, G. (2016). Assessing transboundary scientific collaboration in the Great Lakes of North AmericaJournal of Great Lakes Research 42, 156-161.

Song, A.M. (2015). Human dignity: A fundamental guiding value for a human rights approach to fisheries? Marine Policy 64, 164-170.

Song, A.M. (2015). Pawns, pirates or peacemakers: Fishing boats in the inter-Korean maritime boundary dispute and ambivalent governmentality. Political Geography 48, 60-71.

Song, A.M., Chuenpagdee, R. (2015). Eliciting values and principles of fishery stakeholders in South Korea: A methodological exploration. Society & Natural Resources 28, 1075-1091.

Song, A.M., Chuenpagdee, R. (2015). A principle-based analysis of multilevel policy areas on inshore fisheries in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. In: Jentoft, S., Chuenpagdee, R. (eds.), Interactive Governance for Small-scale Fisheries: Global Reflections. Dordrecht: Springer, pp. 435-456.

Song, A.M. (2015). Towards a governable co-management in South Korean small-scale fisheries: Interactions of institutions and stakeholders’ mindset. In Jentoft, S., Chuenpagdee, R. (eds.), Interactive Governance for Small-scale Fisheries: Global Reflections. Dordrecht: Springer, pp. 687-704.

Song, A.M., Chuenpagdee, R. (2014). Exploring stakeholders’ images of coastal fisheries: A case study from South Korea. Ocean & Coastal Management 100, 10-19.

Song, A.M., Chuenpagdee, R., Jentoft S. (2013). Values, images, and principles: What they represent and how they may improve fisheries governance. Marine Policy 40, 167-175.

Chuenpagdee, R., Song, A.M. (2012). Institutional thinking in fisheries governance: Broadening perspectives. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 4, 309-315.

Song, A.M., Chuenpagdee, R. (2011). Conservation principle: A normative imperative in addressing illegal fishing in Lake Malawi. Maritime Studies 10(1), 5-30.

Song, A.M., Chuenpagdee, R. (2010). Operationalizing governability: A case study of a Lake Malawi fishery. Fish and Fisheries 11, 235-249.


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