1

People and ecosystems

Understanding of the links between coral reef ecosystems, the goods and services they provide to people, and the wellbeing of human societies.

2

Ecosystem dynamics: past, present and future

Examining the multi-scale dynamics of reefs, from population dynamics to macroevolution

3

Responding to a changing world

Advancing the fundamental understanding of the key processes underpinning reef resilience.

Coral Bleaching

Coral Bleaching

Coral Reef Studies

ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies
James Cook University Townsville
Queensland 4811 Australia

Phone: 61 7 4781 4000
Email: info@coralcoe.org.au

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🎉CONGRATULATIONS🎉to #CoralCoE PhD Candidate Ruby Grantham for winning the 2020 Glenn Almany Memorial Prize for her inclusive #research with #women on why they #fish, using a case study of gleaners in Timor-Leste. #gleaning #fisheries #WomenInScience #WomenInSTEM #HarmonyDay @jamescookuniversity @worldfish

To read more about her work: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40152-020-00200-3
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@rummerjodie 🔊 : "Overfishing represents the top threat to sharks and their relatives worldwide. Despite 450 million years of evolution and surviving five mass extinctions, the 1,154 known shark and ray species on the planet today are now facing new challenges and changes to their habitats that are occurring at rates that have never been documented in human history. Today, an estimated 18% of shark and ray species are threatened with extinction due to human-induced stressors. Yet, that number could be much higher because scientists are lacking data on nearly 42% of shark and ray species."

An excerpt of her Issue 17 feature, Sharks and Climate Change, read by @rummerjodie and cowritten by @ornellaweideli, featuring photography by @victorhuertas_photo and @tomvierus. Head to the link in our bio to order your copy and learn more about these apex predators are being impacted by global heating.


#frenchpolynesia #moorea #sharks #climatechange #globalheating #sharkconservation #physiosharkresearchprogram #blacktipreefshark #reefshark
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New #genetic #research finds that while bigger #fish have more babies, they are also rare. Small fish play a big role in keeping fish populations going! They may have fewer babies, but there are more of them! #CoralCoE @jamescookuniversity @australianmarinescience #MPA #notakezones

PR: https://www.coralcoe.org.au/media-releases/both-old-and-young-fish-sustain-fisheries

Paper: https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2020.2714

📸Hugo Harrison
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An individual shrimp belonging to the genus Homodactylus living on a pink sea fan at the Palm Islands, Australia. ##gbr #greatbarrierreef #gbrmarinepark #palmislands #orpheusisland #jamescookuniversity #arccoe #coral #coralreef #gorgonia #seafan #shrimp #ecology #underwaterphotography #uwp #macrophotography ...

A person’s gender has a powerful influence on their experience of, and resilience to, climate change.⠀

Outdated assumptions around gender continue to hinder effective and fair policymaking and action for climate mitigation and adaptation.⠀

The new collaborative study by WorldFish's Dr. Jacqueline Lau, Dr. Philippa Cohen and @coral.coe's Ph.D. Candidate Sarah Lawless found that the four most common and interlinked assumptions were:⠀

🌳 Women are innately caring and connected to the environment⠀
👭 Women are a homogenous and vulnerable group⠀
👩 Gender equality is a women's issue⠀
🔢 Gender equality is a numbers game⠀

The study offers lessons for a more informed pursuit of gender equality in climate change research, policy and practices. ⠀

1️. Be specific and precise about gender equality⠀
2️. Conduct, critique and communicate data that separate gender and gender research⠀
3️. Understand, question and shift the more intractable barriers to gender equality⠀

Learn more about gender and climate change this #WomensDay at the link 🔗 in our bio ⬆️⠀

📸 Kate Bevitt/ WorldFish
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A new study led by #CoralCoE's Jessica Spijkers found that #fishery conflicts are projected to⬆️due to changes in our #oceans from #climatechange, #overfishing, & poor #resource #management. @jamescookuniversity @stockholmuniversity #IWD2021 #WomenInSTEM

To learn more:
https://www.cell.com/one-earth/fulltext/S2590-3322(21)00109-3
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"#Gender has a powerful influence on people’s experience of, & resilience to, #climatechange" states a new #CoralCoE study led by Dr. Jacqueline Lau. Outdated assumptions around gender continue to hinder effective and fair #policymaking and action for climate mitigation and adaptation. @jamescookuniversity @worldfish

To learn more:
PR: https://www.coralcoe.org.au/.../gender-assumptions-harm...

Paper: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41558-021-00999-7

📸Dr. Jacqueline Lau
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A new #CoralCoE study led by Dr. Andy Dietzel estimates that there are ~1/2 a trillion #corals in the Pacific & found a mismatch between species abundance & their IUCN listings! @jamescookuniversity @smithsonianpanama @qutlibrary

To learn more:
📰https://www.coralcoe.org.au/media-releases/half-a-trillion-corals-world-first-coral-count-prompts-rethink-of-extinction-risks

📝https://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41559-021-01393-4

📸Christopher Brunner
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New #research led by Brayden Cockerell found that #marinezonings put into place between 2012-18 vary in their effectiveness in protecting #biodiversity. #CoralCoE #mpa JCU: @jamescookuniversity

@theconversationdotcom
Article: https://theconversation.com/australias-marine-un-protected-areas-government-zoning-bias-has-left-marine-life-in-peril-since-2012-153795

#BiologicalConservation Article: https://sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006320720308715

📸 Christopher Brunner
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New #research led by #CoralCoE's Dr. Alexandre Siqueira examined the global #diversity patterns for ~3,600 #fish #species & found #planktivores are the most diverse fishes in the IAA #biodiversity #hotspot. @jamescookuniversity @museumoftropicalqueensland

PR: https://lnkd.in/gygS674

#PNAS Paper : https://lnkd.in/gdmrN5U

📸 @victorhuertas_photo
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Here is a close up of the coral species, Turbinaria heronensis, described by Wells (1959) snapped on a recent research trip to Heron Island. Based on its appearance, it is thought to be restricted to a relatively small area around subtropical south-eastern Australia.
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Collections of DNA from this specimen will allow our researchers to verify the genetic identity of the species, which can then be compared to other species to establish its true geographic range.
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📷 @tom.bridge.photog, @tethys_images
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#museumathome #biodiversity #coralreefs #DNAresearch #taxonomy #museumoftropicalqld @coral.coe @qldmuseum @coralprphoenix
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This coral was photographed at Heron Island in the southern Great Barrier Reef. It would generally be identified as Pavona duerdeni, a species described by Vaughan (1907) from Hawaii. However, genetic evidence suggests many Hawaiian corals are distinct from those elsewhere in the Indo-Pacific, a finding that is consistent with the high levels of endemism reported from Hawaii and other remote islands in coral reef fishes and many other taxonomic groups. So, is this colony on the Great Barrier Reef the same as the Hawaiian P. duerdeni, or a distinct and undescribed species? Time will tell.
#taxonomy #biodiversity @coralprphoenix #coral #coralreefs #greatbarrierreef @gbrmarinepark #heronisland #wildtropics @coral.coe @museumoftropicalqueensland @qldmuseum @jamescookuniversity @tethys_images
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Could #fish #cleaningstations be leaving their patrons with more than just a fresh feeling? A new study led by #CoralCoE's #PhD candidate @paulinenarvaez explores the role of cleaner organisms on #parasite transmission in fish! #parasitehotspothypothesis #fishdiseases @jamescookuniversity @cstfa_jcu @uniofqld #CentralQueenslandUniversity #CawthronInstitute

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11160-021-09642-2
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To celebrate #InternationalDayOfWomenAndGirlsInScience we'd like to share our #WomenInSTEM playlist with you on YouTube! Here you'll find amazing features on & talks by the amazing women of #CoralCoE, our collaborators, & guest speakers!

Check it out!
https://youtube.com/playlist?list=PLO1PEYBjX6Zn2luQq1qCL7bzvC89DWs0J

📸 Christopher Brunner

@jamescookuniversity @uniofqld @universitywa @ouranu @worldfish @australianmarinescience @qldmuseum @museumoftropicalqueensland
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The reef crest can be a difficult place to study as it experiences the full force of ocean swells. The corals that live here must be able to withstand the force of the waves, and are therefore generally very compact in shape. It’s likely that many distinct species look superficially similar because of the shared need to withstand the pounding waves. Genetic data obtained from a range of specimens from this reef flat at Heron Island, in the southern Great Barrier Reef, will allow is to better understand the diversity of corals that occur here
#corals #reefs #coralreefs #surf #waves #biodiversity #greatbarrierreef @gbrmarinepark #heronisland @coralprphoenix @coral.coe @jamescookuniversity @museumoftropicalqueensland @queensland @qldmuseum @tethys_images #wildtropics
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Fields of coral, predominantly staghorn corals (genus Acropora) at Heron Island. Heron forms part of the Capricorn Bunker reefs, which lie on the very edge of the tropics at the southernmost extremity of the Barrier Reef.
#heronisland #greatbarrierreef @gbrmarinepark #queensland #coral #coralreefs #biodiversity #oceans @queensland @qldmuseum @museumoftropicalqueensland @coral.coe @jamescookuniversity
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A quick snap from the Heron reef - with black coral!

Time is a significant limiting factor underwater (one could also say air) so we need to be thorough but efficient when we do specimen collections. This is because there are pieces of information that you could only get at the time of collection in the field (for example colour, surrounding habitat, overall colony morphology). Researchers have many different ways of achieving this, but having your toolkit on the exact position on your body is one way to make sure you don’t waste time fumbling.

Here, PhD student Jeremy is taking many photos of the colony he is about to take a sample from, while having the collection tools ready to go under his arms.

Trip enabled by @austcoralreefsociety, Danielle Simmons, @coral.coe, and grateful for all staffs and facilities at @heron_island_research_station.

📸: @mhana24
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After >40 yrs & 90 authors (13 from #CoralCoE) from 60 institutions in 20 countries, we're happy to announce the #Coral #Spawning #Database (#CSD) which collates info about timing & geographical variation in #coralspawning! @jamescookuniversity @uniofqld

To Learn More:
#PR: https://coralcoe.org.au/blog/forty-years-of-coral-spawning-captured-in-one-place-for-the-first-time

#ScientificPaper: https://nature.com/articles/s41597-020-00793-8

Database: https://data.ncl.ac.uk

📸 @aj_crosbie & Andrew Baird
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A new study led by #CoralCoE’s #PhD candidate @ruby_smallscale found that while #gleaning (collecting #marine organisms like #molluscs, #crabs, #octopus and #reef #fish by hand close to shore) is important for #foodsecurity in rough #fishing weather, it’s still difficult/impossible for some families at certain times of the year. The study found the ability of households to glean in rough weather was influenced by the total area and type of shallow habitat close to the community. @jamescookuniversity #WorldFish

To learn more:
#PR: https://www.coralcoe.org.au/.../much-to-glean-when-times...

#ScientificPaper: https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/.../pan3.10179

📸ruby_smallscale
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Spot the super tiny juvenile Bryaninops yongei on the coral whip! I’m absolutely obsessed with these little critters🙂 #goby #bryaninopsyongei #whip #coralreef #coralwhip #coral #reef #gbr #greatbarrierreef #australia #australiadiving #scuba #scubadiving #underwaterphotography #macrophotography #biology #marinebiology ...

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Coral Reef Studies

ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies
James Cook University Townsville
Queensland 4811 Australia

Phone: 61 7 4781 4000
Email: info@coralcoe.org.au