Contemporary sustainability science and practice must embrace the complexity of social-ecological systems and capitalize on the lessons learned from the recent theoretical and applied advances made in various disciplines. This can be accomplished in particular by incorporating this extensive knowledge into management and decision making through integrative and operational frameworks. Based on contrasting but complementary case studies (coral reef fishery in Moorea, French Polynesia; artisanal benthic fishery in Chile and global food systems), and drawing from the recent development in social-ecological science, we extended the use of the social-ecological vulnerability framework by (1) mapping human-nature dependencies in the context of resource-user interactions, (2) integrating the temporal dimension, (3) accounting for multiple drivers of change and (4) their impact on diverse entities of the system considered. This interdisciplinary work provided the foundation to represent key linkages in social-ecological systems, understand the underlying sources of unsustainability, and address these through a set of targeted and context-grounded management interventions and policy actions.
Lauric is a CNRS postdoctoral fellow at the Centre de Recherches Insulaires et Observatoire de l’Environement (CRIOBE) in Perpignan, France. He received his PhD in Human and Natural Sciences from the University of Pierre and Marie Curie (UPMC; France) and the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (PUC; Chile) in 2017. Bringing together various case studies, his dissertation focused on integrating human-nature linkages in environmental management. His most recent project involves developing and implementing approaches for building social-ecological resilience to climate change in World Heritage reefs.