My research is broadly focused on the ecology of marine fishes and is motivated by a desire to find solutions to conservation and management problems, particularly on coral reefs. This work currently involves investigations into (1) how larval dispersal connects populations and the implications for fisheries management and biodiversity conservation strategies such as the design of marine reserve networks, and (2) how interactions between species (e.g., predation, competition, etc.) structure reef fish communities, and how disturbances such as fishing and coral bleaching and alter these processes.
My work on larval dispersal focuses on directly measuring connectivity between fish populations at four locations in Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Australia using genetic parentage analysis. These projects involve research partnerships with local fishing communities and with the institutions that use research outcomes to improve management and conservation. In Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands, I work with The Nature Conservancy and government, and in Australia with the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. In addition, I am working with conservation planners and practitioners to devise methods of incorporating connectivity information into the design of marine reserve networks to improve their resilience to climate change and other threats.
My work on the interactions between species focuses on experimental manipulations in both field and lab settings to illuminate the mechanisms and consequences of these interactions for species diversity, and how such insights can improve management. I am particularly interested in understanding how predation and the alteration of trophic structure via fishing and management interventions impact biodiversity conservation.
Tessa Hempson (PhD): Defining the trophic role of reef sharks in coral reef ecosystems.
Jan Robinson (PhD): Disentangling the causes of vulnerability to fishing in reef fishes that aggregate?
Peter Waldie (PhD): Developing a community-based ecosystem approach to fisheries management for large aggregating groupers on Indo-Pacific coral reef.
Colin Wen (PhD): Recruitment hotspots and their role in the ecology and management of large exploited predatory fishes.
Mary Bonin (PhD): Patterns of microhabitat specialization and the consequences of coral degradation for coral-associated reef fishes.
David Feary (PhD): Effects of coral bleaching and crown-of-thorns starfish predation on coral reef fish communities.
Publications (Request a reprint using the above “publications online” link or send me an email: email@example.com)
- Rhodes KL, BM Taylor, CB Wichilmeld, E Joseph, RH Hamilton & GR Almany. 2013. Squaretail coralgrouper Plectropomus areolatus reproduction in Pohnpei, Micronesia, using age-based techniques. Journal of Fish Biology (in press, accepted January 29, 2013).
- Wen CKC, MS Pratchett, GR Almany & GP Jones. 2013. Patterns of recruitment and microhabitat associations for three predatory coral reef fishes on the southern Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Coral Reefs DOI: 10.1007/s00338-012-0985-x. Link to Full Text
- Wen CKC, MS Pratchett, GR Almany & GP Jones. 2013. Role of prey availability in microhabitat preferences of juvenile coral trout (Plectropomus: Serranidae). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 443: 39-45. Link to Abstract
- Cvitanovic C, S Wilson, C Fulton, GR Almany & 31 others. 2013. Critical research needs for managing coral reef Marine Protected Areas: perspectives of academics and managers. Journal of Environmental Management 114: 84-91. Link to Abstract
- Wen CK, GR Almany, DH Williamson, MS Pratchett and GP Jones. 2012. Evaluating the effects of marine reserves on diet, prey availability and prey selection by juvenile predatory fishes. Marine Ecology Progress Series 469: 133-144. Link to Abstract
- Harrison HB, DH Williamson, RD Evans, GR Almany, SR Thorrold, GR Russ, KA Feldheim, L van Herwerden, S Planes, M Srinivasan, ML Berumen and GP Jones. 2012. Larval export from marine reserves and the recruitment benefit for fish and fisheries. Current Biology 22: 1023-1028. Link to PDF Video Presentation
- Ban NC, JE Cinner, V Adams, M Mills, GR Almany, S Ban, LJ McCook and A White. 2012. Recasting shortfalls of marine protected areas as opportunities through adaptive management. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 22: 262-271. Link to PDF
- Berumen ML, GR Almany, S Planes, GP Jones and SR Thorrold. 2012. Persistence of self-recruitment and patterns of larval connectivity in a marine protected area network. Ecology & Evolution 2: 444-452. Link to PDF
- Ban NC, V Adams, GR Almany, S Ban, J Cinner, LJ McCook, M Mills, RL Pressey and A White. 2011. Designing, implementing and managing marine protected areas: emerging trends and opportunities for coral reef nations. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 408: 21-31. Link to PDF
- Bonin MC, GR Almany and GP Jones. 2011. Contrasting effects of habitat loss and fragmentation on coral-associated reef fishes. Ecology 92:1503-1512. Link to Abstract
- Almany GR, RJ Hamilton, DH Williamson, RD Evans, GP Jones, M Matawai, T Potuku, KL Rhodes, GR Russ and B Sawynok. 2010. Research partnerships with local communities: two case studies from Papua New Guinea and Australia. Coral Reefs 29:567-576. Link to Abstract
- Berumen ML and GR Almany. 2009. External tagging does not affect the feeding behavior of a coral reef fish, Chaetodon vagabundus (Pisces: Chaetodontidae). Environmental Biology of Fishes 86:447–450. Link to PDF
- Berumen ML, E Rochel, GR Almany, SR Thorrold, GP Jones, MS Pratchett, C Syms and S Planes. 2009. Isolation and characterization of 15 polymorphic nuclear microsatellite primers for the widespread Indo-Pacific vagabond butterflyfish, Chaetodon vagabundus. Molecular Ecology Resources 9: 1460–1559. Link to Abstract
- Almany GR, SR Connolly, DD Heath, JD Hogan, GP Jones, LJ McCook, M Mills, RL Pressey and DH Williamson. 2009. Connectivity, biodiversity conservation, and the design of marine reserve networks for coral reefs. Coral Reefs 28 (2): 339-351. Link to Abstract
- McCook LJ, GR Almany, ML Berumen, JC Day, AL Green, GP Jones, JM Leis, S Planes, GR Russ, PF Sale and SR Thorrold. 2009. Management under uncertainty: guide-lines for incorporating connectivity into the protection of coral reefs. Coral Reefs 28 (2): 353-366. Link to Abstract
- Jones GP, GR Almany, GR Russ, PF Sale, RR Steneck, MJH van Oppen and BL Willis. 2009. Larval retention and connectivity among populations of corals and reef fishes: history, advances and challenges. Coral Reefs 28 (2): 307-325. Link to Abstract
- Bonin MC, M Srinivasan, GR Almany and GP Jones. 2009. Interactive effects of interspecific competition and microhabitat on early post-settlement survival in a coral reef fish. Coral Reefs 28 (1): 265-274. Link to Abstract
- Almany GR, L Peacock, C Syms, MI McCormick and GP Jones. 2007. Predators target rare prey in coral reef fish assemblages. Oecologia 152 (4): 751-761. Link to Abstract
- Almany GR, ML Berumen, SR Thorrold, S Planes and GP Jones. 2007. Local replenishment of coral reef fish populations in a marine reserve. Science 316 (5825): 742-744. Link to Abstract Video Presentation
- Feary DA, GR Almany, MI McCormick and GP Jones. 2007. Habitat choice, recruitment and the response of coral reef fishes to coral degradation. Oecologia 153 (3):727-737 . Link to Abstract
- Feary DA, GR Almany, GP Jones and MI McCormick. 2007. Coral degradation and the structure of tropical reef fish communities. Marine Ecology Progress Series 333: 243-248. Link to PDF
- Almany GR and MS Webster. 2006. The predation gauntlet: early post-settlement mortality in reef fishes. Coral Reefs 25 (1): 19-22. Link to Abstract
- Cinner JE, MJ Marnane, TR McClanahan and GR Almany. 2006. Periodic closures as adaptive coral reef management in the Indo-Pacific. Ecology and Society 11 (1): 31. Link to Full Text
- Almany GR. 2004. Differential effects of habitat complexity, predators and competitors on abundance of juvenile and adult coral reef fishes. Oecologia 141 (1): 105-113. Link to Abstract
- Almany GR. 2004. Does increased habitat complexity reduce predation and competition in coral reef fish assemblages? Oikos 106 (2): 275-284. Link to Abstract
- Almany GR. 2004. Priority effects in coral reef fish communities of the Great Barrier Reef. Ecology 85 (10): 2872–2880. Link to Abstract
- Almany GR and MS Webster. 2004. Odd species out as predators reduce diversity of coral-reef fishes. Ecology 85 (11): 2933–2937. Link to Abstract
- Almany GR. 2003. Priority effects in coral reef fish communities. Ecology 84 (7): 1920–1935. Link to Abstract
- Harding JA, GR Almany, LD Houck and MA Hixon. 2003. Experimental analysis of monogamy in the Caribbean cleaner goby, Gobiosoma evelynae. Animal Behaviour 65 (5): 865-874. Link to Abstract
- Webster MS and GR Almany. 2002. Positive indirect effects in a coral reef fish community. Ecology Letters 5 (4): 549-557. Link to Abstract
- Steele MA, GE Forrester and GR Almany. 1998. Influences of predators and conspecifics on recruitment of a tropical and a temperate reef fish. Marine Ecology Progress Series 172: 115–125. Link to Abstract
- Almany GR and CC Baldwin. 1996. A new Atlantic species of Acanthemblemaria (Teleostei: Blennioidei: Chaenopsidae): morphology and relationships. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 109 (3): 419-429.